Prior to 1000 AD: Members of the Galla tribe in Ethiopia notice
that they got an energy boost when they eat a certain berry, ground up and
mixed with animal fat.
1000 AD: Arab traders bring coffee back to their homeland and cultivate the
plant for the first time on plantations. They also began to boil the beans,
creating a drink they call "qahwa" (literally, that which prevents
1453: Coffee is introduced to Constantinople by Ottoman Turks. The world's
first coffee shop, Kiva Han, open there in 1475. Turkish law makes it legal for
a woman to divorce their husband if he fails to provide her with her daily
quota of coffee.
1600: Coffee, introduced to the West by Italian traders, grabs attention in
high places. In Italy, Pope Clement VIII is urged by his advisers to consider
that favorite drink of the Ottoman Empire part of the infidel threat. However,
he decides to "baptize" it instead, making it an acceptable Christian
1607: Captain John Smith helps to found the colony of Virginia at
Jamestown. It's believed that he introduced coffee to North America.
1645: First coffeehouse opens in Italy.
1652: First coffeehouse opens in England. Coffee houses multiply and become
such popular forums for learned and not so learned - discussion that they are
dubbed "penny universities" (a penny being the price of a cup of
1668: Coffee replaces beer as New York City's favorite breakfast drink.
1672: First coffeehouse opens in Paris.
1713: The Dutch unwittingly provide Louis XIV of France with a coffee bush
whose descendants will produce entire Western coffee industry when in 1723
French naval officer Gabriel Mathieu do Clieu steals a seedling and transports
it to Martinique. Within 50 years and official survey records 19 million coffee
trees on Martinique. Eventually, 90 percent of the world's coffee spreads from
1721: First coffee house opens in Berlin.
1773: The Boston Tea Party makes drinking coffee a patriotic duty in
1903: German coffee importer Ludwig Roselius turns a batch of ruined coffee
beans over to researchers, who perfect the process of removing caffeine from
the beans without destroying the flavor. He markets it under the brand name
"Sanka." Sanka is introduced to the United States in 1923.
1920: Prohibition goes into effect in United States. Coffee sales boom.
1940: The US imports 70 percent of the world coffee crop.
1946: In Italy, Achilles Gaggia perfects his espresso machine. Cappuccino
is named for the resemblance of its color to the robes of the monks of the
1995: Urban Bean is born.
2011: Urban Bean opens
second location at 24th & Lyndale.